1849 ~ 1850
~ 1849 ~
JANUARY 1849 ~ Europe begins to ship miners to California. Five California trading and mining companies are started in London.
FEBRUARY 28, 1849 ~ The first load of 49ers lands in San Francisco on the California, the first of the Pacific Mail Line steamships.
SPRING 1849 ~ Prospecting and mining resume. Jacksonville, Jenny Lind, and Goodyear's Bar (settled by Miles Goodyear) are new mining camps.
MAY 1849 ~ Overland wagon trains begin their treks from St. Joseph and Independence, Missouri. Some 4,000 miners head north from Sonora, Mexico.
JULY 1849 ~ The first wagon train arrives in Sacramento Valley. A total of 600 vessels have landed by this time in San Francisco Bay, with all aboard heading for the goldfields.
SEPTEMBER 1849 ~ The placers at Downieville are worked and the town is started in November by Major Downie.
OCTOBER 1849 ~ : The first European immigrants begin arriving. Nevada City is started when Dr. A.B. Calwell builds a general store on Deer Creek. Big Oak Flat is mined by James Savage. Chinese Camp, Coulterville, French Corral, Volcano, San Andreas, Groveland, Shaws Flat, and Oroville are settled.
NOVEMBER 13, 1849 ~ Although not yet legally a state, California ratifies a constitution, elects a governor, and names law-makers.
WINTER 1849 ~ During this year, an estimated 42,000 argonauts arrived by land and 39,000 arrived by sea from all parts of the world. Severe rain storms force miners into Sacramento and San Francisco, forcing the cities to improve their roads, walkways, and sewers.
~ 1850 ~
SPRING 1850 ~ Mt. Bullion is settled in the Southern Mines, and the first private mint starts business at Mt. Ophir.
MARCH 1850 ~ Mexicans discover gold north of Sonora. MARCH 27: American miners find gold at Columbia and the rush there is started.
APRIL 1850 ~ A monthly discriminatory $20 Foreign Miners Tax is enforced mainly against the Mexicans and Chinese miners.
JUNE 1850 ~ Gold-bearing quartz is inadvertently found on Gold Hill near Grass Valley, and the rush there is on.
SUMMER 1850 ~ Hawaiians are the first to mine Kanaka Creek below Alleghany. Growlersburg is established and later renamed Georgetown. Mining starts in Onion Valley near La Porte. Gold is found at Michigan Bluff and Sierra City, and Indian Camp is founded, later to be named Washington.
SEPTEMBER 9, 1850 ~ California officially becomes the 31st state of the Union.
OCTOBER 18, 1850 ~ San Francisco learns of statehood when the steamer Oregon arrives.
WINTER 1850 ~ This year, 55,000 people arrived via wagon trains and 36,000 came by sea.
GOLD RUSH COUNTIES:
MARIPOSA | TUOLUMNE | CALAVERAS | AMADOR | EL DORADO | PLACER | NEVADA | SIERRA
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